Tuesday, December 21, 2010

मशहूर इरानी फ़िल्मकार जफ़र पनाही पर दमन

मशहूर इरानी फ़िल्मकार जफ़र पनाही कोउनके मुखर राजनीतिक विरोध के चलते छहसाल की कैद की सजा सुनायी गयी है. यहीनहीं उनपर अगले बीस साल तक किसी भीतरह की अभिव्यक्ति की भी पाबंदी है. दुनियाभर की सत्ताएँ अपने कलाकारों के साथ दमनके नए नए तरीके लागू कर रही हैं. सारीदुनिया में इरानी सरकार की आलोचना होरही है. पेश है इस सिलसिले में एक रपट- -

Jafar Panahi Sentenced to 6 Years in Jail, 20 Years of Silence

Shocking and terrible news from Tehran today. Farideh Gheirat, a
lawyer representing several of the politicians, journalists and
artists detained during the protests that immediately followed the
disputed 2009 Iranian presidential election, has told the ISNA news
agency (as reported by Reuters and the AFP) that Jafar Panahi has been
sentenced to six years in jail and that his "social rights," including
"making movies, writing scripts, foreign travel and giving interviews
to domestic and foreign media, have been taken away for 20 years."

"Panahi, an outspoken supporter of Iran's opposition green movement,
was convicted of gathering, colluding and propaganda against the
regime," reports Saeed Kamali Dehghan. "Hamid Dabashi, a professor of
Iranian studies at Columbia university, told the Guardian the sentence
showed Iran's leaders could not tolerate the arts. 'This is a
catastrophe for Iran's cinema,' he said. 'Panahi is now exactly in the
most creative phase of his life and by silencing him at this sensitive
time, they are killing his art and talent. Iran is sending a clear
message by this sentence that they don't have any tolerance and can't
bear arts, philosophy or anything like that. This is a sentence
against the whole culture of Iran. They want the artists to sit at
their houses and stop creating art. This is a catastrophe for a whole

Gheirat has announced that she will appeal this decision, so we do
have some hope that this incredibly harsh sentence will not stand.
Panahi was one of several mourners who'd gathered near the grave of
Neda Agha-Soltan in a Tehran cemetery who were arrested in July 2009.
So, too, was filmmaker Muhammad Rasoulof, who has also been sentenced
to six years today. When Panahi was released that summer, his passport
was revoked and he was forbidden to leave the country. In March of
this year, he was arrested again because, as the Iranian culture
minister put it, he "was making a film against the regime and it was
about the events that followed election." Throughout the ordeal,
prominent filmmakers, film societies and festivals formally protested
Panahi's detainment, and finally, in May, he was released on bail.

The speech he delivered during his hearing in November has been widely
cited and quoted, and you can read it in full at Current Conflicts.
Here's just a bit: "You are putting me on trial for making a film
that, at the time of our arrest, was only 30 percent shot. You must
have heard that the famous creed, 'There is no god, except Allah,'
turns into blasphemy if you only say the first part and omit the
second part. In the same vein, how can you establish that a crime has
been committed by looking at 30 percent of the rushes for a film that
has not been edited yet?... I, Jafar Panahi, declare once again that I
am an Iranian, I am staying in my country and I like to work in my own
country. I love my country, I have paid a price for this love too, and
I am willing to pay again if necessary. I have yet another declaration
to add to the first one. As shown in my films, I declare that I
believe in the right of 'the other' to be different, I believe in
mutual understanding and respect, as well as in tolerance; the
tolerance that forbid me from judgment and hatred. I don't hate
anybody, not even my interrogators."

Earlier this month, TIFF Cinematheque ran a retrospective of Panahi's
work: "With five critically acclaimed and copiously awarded features
to his name, Panahi is one of the major figures of the New Iranian
cinema; once the prot to Abbas Kiarostami, Panahi has forged a
style and path all is own. His cohesive body of work owes much to
Italian neo-realism, with his documentary style and preference for
mostly non-professional actors, and a fierce belief in human and
social rights."

One of the films screened was The Accordian, a short that's Panahi's
contribution to Then and Now: Beyond Borders and Differences, an
omnibus film supported by the United Nations; the film premiered at
the Venice Film Festival in September. Panahi: "The Accordion is the
story of humankind materialistic need to survive in a pretentious
religion. In it, a boy is prevented from playing for reasons of
religious prohibition, which he accepts in order to survive. But the
main character of the film is the girl or, perhaps, in my view, the
symbol of the next generation."

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